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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanography, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.

Management & Pollution

Land Management : Land management can be defined as the process of managing the use and development (in both urban and suburban settings) of land resources in a sustainable way. Land resources are used for a variety of purposes which interact and may compete with one another; therefore, it is desirable to plan and manage all uses in an integrated manner.

Deforestation : Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, pasture, urban use, logged area, or wasteland. Generally, the removal or destruction of significant areas of forest cover has resulted in a degraded environment with reduced biodiversity.

Ecosystem Management

Bioremediation : Biological remediation of environmental problems using plants. The use of biological agents, such as bacteria or plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water. Includes phytoremediation, constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment, biodegradation, etc.

Air Pollution/Quality : Air pollution is the degradation of air quality resulting from unwanted chemicals or other materials in the air. The condition of the air endangers the health, safety, or welfare of persons, interferes with normal enjoyment of life or property, endangers the health of animal life or causes damage to plant life or property.

Soil Pollution/Quality : Soil pollution is defined as the build-up in soils of persistent toxic compounds, chemicals, salts, radioactive materials, or disease causing agents, which have adverse effects on plant growth and animal health.

Water Pollution/Quality : The introduction of substances that make water impure compared with undisturbed water. Usually this comes from soil erosion, introduction of poisonous chemicals from industries and spills and introduction of domestic sewage or industrial and agricultural wastes.

Noise Polution/Quality : Noise pollution (or environmental noise in technical venues) is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. The dominant form of noise pollution is from transportation sources.

3R : Reduce-Recycle-Reuse : Waste prevention, or “source reduction,” means consuming and throwing away less. For example; purchasing durable, long-lasting goods, seeking products and packaging that are as free of toxics as possible; redesigning products to use less raw material in production, have a longer life, or be used again after its original use. Reusing items — by repairing them, donating them to charity and community groups, or selling them — also reduces waste. Reusing products, when possible, is even better than recycling because the item does not need to be reprocessed before it can be used again. Recycling turns materials that would otherwise become waste into valuable resources. In addition, it generates a host of environmental, financial, and social benefits. Materials like glass, metal, plastics, and paper are collected, separated and sent to facilities that can process them into new materials or products.

Waste Management

Health & Disease Prevention
Medicine
Immunology
Nutrition
Bacteriology
Virology

ENGINEERING & COMPUTER SCIENCE

Engineering projects can be done in the following topics. The projects should aim to find practical solutions to globe’s problems and should seek the ways of technology that can be used for maintaining global sustainability.

Hardware Control : Create software controlling or cooperating with an electronic/mechanic device. You are free to choose from anything! You should try to piece together your own original device, from whatever spare parts and tools you have at your disposal. However, it needs to have a software component which interacts with the hardware parts. Creativity is as important as mechanical and programming skills in this section. Your only limit is your own imagination!

Programming : Create an application such as utility programs, mobile applications for Android or iOS, edutainment and entertainment applications, intranet and internet applications for GNU/Linux, FreeBSD or OSX. You may use any programming language (or scripting languages) you wish C++, C#, Java, Pascal, ASP, ASP.NET, PHP etc.) It is crucial that an application has usability and a proper easy-to-use interface as well as functionality. But of course, none of these matter if the key element is missing: a good idea. If you think you’re up to the challenge and are able to create a working program from top to bottom, you should definitely give it a try!

Bioengineering : Biological engineering deals with engineering biological processes in general. It is a broad-based engineering discipline that also may involve product design, sustainability and analysis of biological systems. Generally, bioengineering may deal with either the medical or the agricultural fields.

Civil Engineering & Construction Engineering : Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the construction and design of public and private sector works such as bridges, roads, dams and buildings.

Chemical Engineering : Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e.g. chemistry and physics), with mathematics, to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms.

Industrial Engineering : Industrial engineering aims to eliminate wastes of time, money, materials, energy and other resources.

Material Science : A multidisciplinary field relating the performance and function of matter in any and all applications to its micro, nano, and atomic structure, and vice versa. It often involves the study of the characteristics and uses of various materials, such as metals, ceramics, and plastics and their potential engineering applications.

Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering : Electrical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity, especially the design and application of circuitry and equipment for power generation and distribution, machine control, and communications. A computer engineer is an electrical engineer with a focus on digital logic systems or a software architect with a focus on the interaction between software programs and the underlying hardware architecture.

Mechanical Engineering : Mechanical engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. Mechanical engineers use these principles and others in the design and analysis of automobiles, aircraft, heating & cooling systems, manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, medical devices and more.

Thermodynamics : Thermodynamics involves the physics of the relationships and conversions between heat and other forms of energy.

SHORT MOVIES

Create short movie in which you will convey the message (refer to the theme below) in a story enhanced with visual and audio effects by using popular video editing tools like After Effects, Sony Vegas, Movie Maker, Adobe Premiere, Final Cut, iMovie etc. The duration of the film must be between 3 and 5 minutes. English subtitles are required for submissions with language/s other than English. Films should be uploaded to public sites for online viewing (YouTube, Vimeo etc). A trailer of the movie may suffice for the first stage to get qualification to the world final if it shows enough to judge the quality of the full movie. All genres are accepted with the exception of music videos and animations. Stock footage can be used in some part of the movie if not fully allowed. Slideshows are not accepted. Once you submit your project on this site, you can continue working on it and make amendments until exhibition time at the world final.

SOCIAL SCIENCES

Social science is the branch of science devoted to the study of societies and the relationships among individuals within those societies. The term was formerly used to refer to the field of sociology, the original “science of society”, established in the 19th century. In addition to sociology, it now encompasses a wide array of academic disciplines, including anthropology, archaeology, economics, human geography, linguistics, management science, political science, psychology, and history.

ENERGY

Projects involved in this category should study the efficiency of classical power plants (water, nuclear, coal power plants), the usage of fossil fuels (coal, gas, oil), and other raw materials. In projects dealing with transport authors may focus on the efficiency of common transportation means, the frequency of their usage, the cause of traffic jams in particular regions etc. Authors should also attempt to focus on alternative energy sources and transportation means.

Renewable Energy : Renewable energy flows involve natural phenomena such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat. Renewable energy technologies range from solar power, wind power and hydroelectricity through to biomass and biofuels for transportation.

Bio Energy : Useful, renewable energy produced from organic matter. The conversion of the complex carbohydrates in organic matter to energy. Organic matter may either be used directly as a fuel or processed into liquids and gases. It is also known as Bio Fuels.

Non-renewable Energy-Clean & Green Advancements : Energy derived from depletable fuels (oil, gas, coal) created through lengthy geological processes and existing in limited quantities on the earth. Participants should focus on Clean and Green advancements to minimize the environmental effects of fossil fuels.

Clean Energy Technology : Clean technologies aim to give minimum harm to environment such as Clean Burning Fuels, Electric Vehicles, Fuel Cells, Hybrid Electric, Hydrogen, Zero Emissions, and Pollution Reduction

Energy Efficiency : The more efficient use of energy in order to reduce economic costs and environmental impacts. It aims to use less energy/electricity to perform the same function.

Energy Conservation : Energy conservation is different to energy efficiency in that it involves using less energy to achieve a lesser energy service, and usually requires behavioral change

Energy Business and Policies : Some issues of energy business development and energy policy development. Proposed actions as an attempt to combat growing energy problems and environmental impacts.